Croyance et politique : du privilège de la politique sur le droit (Deleuze-Guattari) au fondement mystique de l’autorité (Derrida)


Belief and Politics: From the Privilege of Politics on Law to the Mystical Foundation of Authority

This article analyses the legal and political extensions of Deleuze-Guattari and Derrida's approaches to law. If the former delegitimizes the law in favour of an immanent abstract machine, the latter formalizes the law in the form of aporia. We approach the question of jurisprudence and law from Deleuze's interpretation of Foucault's strategy to which he applies the logic of disjunctive synthesis. We point out that its elaborations do not take into account the rupture that lies at the heart of the law related to the mystical foundation of authority. This brings us to the question of belief as addressed by schizoanalysis, which opposes the desire to interest, the belief of a processual unconscious to the unbelief of capital with its images. We then stress the need to substitute a strategy that takes into account the double bind that plays in the impossible relationship between belief and unbelief, pointing out that denial is the fundamental political problem that Derrida has problematized.

Keywords: Power drive, Derrida, deconstruction, Deleuze, psychoanalysis, law, politics

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